Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and Its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia
Air pollution is an emerging environmental issue in Asia as it is in other parts of the developing world. In particular, emissions of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides have been rising steadily over the past few decades. In addition, rapid growth of cities, together with associated expansion of industry and transport systems, has made the Asian region increasingly concerned with these emissions. Projections indicate that at the current growth rate of energy consumption, sulphur dioxide emissions in Asia will surpass the combined emissions of Europe and North America. If this occurs, the impact, which has been experienced in Europe and North America over this century, will become apparent in parts of Asia over the next few decades.
The ‘Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its likely Transboundary Effects
for South Asia is an intergovernmental network involving Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, the Republic of Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The Seventh meeting of the Governing Council of SACEP, held in April 1998 in Malé, the Republic of Maldives, adopted the Declaration. The declaration emphasizes the need for countries to carry forward, or initiate, studies and programmes on air pollution in each country of South Asia.
The implementation of the Malé Declaration was envisaged in phases and , Phase I, II and III was implemented successfully by UNEP in partnership with SACEP with the financial support from SIDA.
Phase IV(2010-2014 continued to assist the member countries enhance their regional cooperation, monitoring, impact assessment; strengthen the initiatives started in the first three phases and to initiate new ones. And the current stage, Phase V (2014-2016) aims to promote policy measures to control emissions of air pollution including Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs) in South Asia and to ensure the sustainability and ownership of the Malé Declaration in the region .