Period : 1995 – 2004
Summary of SACEP Programme Activities
During the 10-year period SACEP implemented SACEP’s Strategy and Programmes 1 (1992 – 96) and 2 (1996-2000), South Asian Seas programme and SENRIC project in collaboration with UNEP, IMO, UNESCAP, UNOPS and NORAD.
The projects and programme activities carried out covered specific areas such as environmental law, environmental education and training, national and regional environment assessments, and protection of natural resources. Their outcomes are summarized under three broad sub-headings:
(2) Awareness Creation and Capacity Building and
(3) Assessment and Reporting
New partnerships were established with the following International organizations and initiatives to address several priority environmental concerns in the region.
- UNEP-GPA (1997) – Protection of Marine Environment from Land-based Activities
- SEI-Sweden (1998) – Controlling Transboundary Air Pollution
- GCRMN (1997), CORDIO (1999) and ICRAN (2002) – Management and Protection of Coral Reef and other Coastal Ecosystems.
- GPRMPA (1998)- Development of Training a Manual on Marine Protected Areas
- GIWA (2001) – Water quality assessment in the Bay of Bengal region
- US Environment Hub for South Asia (2003) – Protection of Marine Resources and Transboundary Air Pollution
- Colombo Plan (2003): Capacity Building (Private and Industrial Sectors)
- UNOPS (2004): Tsunami Task Force of Operation in Sri Lanka
- CBD and Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (2004) : Training on Clearing House Mechanism (CHM)
Some of the important Memorandum of Understanding’s (MoU’s) and Letters of Agreements (LoAs) signed by SACEP with different partner agencies are given in Table 1.
Table 1: MoU and LoAs signed by SACEP with Different Organization: 1995-2004
- Awareness Creation and Capacity Building
SACEP in collaboration with partner organizations carried out more than 30 workshops and trainings for awareness creation and capacity building in the region (Table 2). During 2003 alone over 80 officials from the region were trained on compliance and enforcement of IMO Conventions (OPRC and MARPOL 73/78).
During 1994-97, SENRIC project conducted several training programmes on information technology for Government departments of various disciplines to ensure effective use of GIS technology for decision-making. SENRIC signed Letters of Agreements with the Governments of Maldives and Sri Lanka to set up Environmental Information System Units with GIS capabilities and the project was completed in 1995. In 1995, the project established a training facility at the University of Peradeniya in Sri Lanka and trained lectures of the university to assist conducting the trainings.
Under the project on Strengthening National Capabilities on Environment Assessment and Monitoring towards the Preparation of the Global State of the Environment Report 2002, the SENRIC programme, strengthen the National Focal Points of the South Asian member countries by providing computer hardware and software.
Training, provision of equipment and setting up of monitoring stations were taken place under the implementation of the Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia.
With NORAD’s financial assistance, the secretariat developed a seven-module course with the objective of increasing knowledge and skills in integrated coastal and marine protected areas management and the first regional training course was held in Maldives in 1998.
SACEP has played a key role in introducing new concepts, such as Integrated Coastal Area and River Basin Management (ICARM) to the region.
Table 2: Various Awareness Creation and Capacity Building Workshops / Training Programmes Organized by SACEP: 1995-2004
- Assessment and Reporting
With financial assistance of NORAD, SACEP initiated the Assessment of Faunal and Floral biodiversity in the region. IMO assisted SACEP to prepare country reports and a regional report on oil spill contingency planning, while UNEP-GPA office assisted in developing the Status Report on Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities. In 2002 SACEP finalized South Asia Environment Education and Training Action Plan for the period 2003-2007.
SACEP assisted UNEP in preparing the following reports:
- Synthesis Report for South Asia for the 2002 World Summit in Johannesburg.
- Global Environment Outlook - 2 and 3, South Asia component
- Status of Environment Reports for Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka and the South Asian Regional State of Environment Report; State of the Environment 2002 - Youth Version
- Developed Status Report on Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities with the assistance of UNEP-GPA office.
- SACEP coordinated the process of developing the National Plan of Action of India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka with the assistance of UNEP-GPA
- Pilot Survey in Sri Lanka on Integrated Coastal Area and River Basin in South Asia.
- Overview – SACEP’s Mandate and Operations
- The Sea a Heritage to Share SAS
- Manual for the Assessment of Faunal Biodiversity in South Asia, 1997
- Co-operation in Capacity Building for Environmental Training in South Asia, 1997
- Harmonizing Environment and Development in South Asia, 1997
- South Asia Handbook of Treaties and Other Legal Instruments, 1997
- Compendium of Summaries of Judicial Decisions in Environment Related Cases,1997
- Report of the Regional Workshop on Strengthening Legal and Institutional Arrangements for Implementing Major Environmental Conventions in South Asia, 1997
- Environmental Law and Sustainable Development in Bangladesh, 1999
- Nepal’s National Report on Floral Diversity, 1999
- SACEP at a Glance, 2000
- The role of SACEP in promoting Regional/ Subregional co•operation for Sustainable Development in South Asia
- State of the Environment Reports of Bangladesh, 2001
- State of the Environment Reports of Bhutan, 2001
- State of the Environment Reports of India, 2001
- State of the Environment Reports of Maldives, 2001
- State of the Environment Reports of Nepal, 2001
- State of the Environment Reports of Sri Lanka, 2001
- State of the Environment: South Asia, 2001
- Children of the Monsoon: South Asia: State of the Environment 2002 – Youth Version
- Overview of Land Based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine Environment in the South Asian Seas
- An Overview of Socio-Economic Opportunities Related to the Protection of Coastal and Marine Environment from Land Based Sources of Pollution Particularly Urban and Domestic Sewage in the South Asian Region
- An Overview with a Compilation, Description and Analysis of Case Studies for the South Asian Region on Socio-Economic Benefits from Addressing Sewage.
- Quarterly SACEP Newsletter, From 2002
- South Asian Seas News, 2002
- Learning to Live In Harmony with Nature and Development. South Asian Environmental Education and Training Action Plan 2003 –2007
- National Action Plans for the Implementation of the GPA: India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka
- Handbook of Environmental Law in South Asia, 2003
- 2002 UNEP SACEP Law Handbook for South Asia
- 2001.12 Law Handbook for South Asia
- 2001 UNEP SACEP Law Handbook Bangladesh
- 2002 UNEP SACEP Law Handbook Bhutan
- 2002 UNEP SACEP Law Handbook India
- 2001 UNEP SACEP Law Handbook Maldives
- 2001 UNEP SACEP Law Handbook Nepal
- 2001 UNEP SACEP Law Handbook Pakistan
- 2002 UNEP SACEP Law Handbook Sri Lanka
- Alternative Livelihoods: An Optional Tool for Sustainable Coral Reef Management in Sri Lanka, 2003
- Other Activities
During this time frame, 4 Governing Council Meetings of SACEP and 2 Inter-ministerial Meetings of the South Asian Seas Programme were held. These high-level meetings were the forums where major regional cooperative initiatives were adopted:
- Adoption of Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia – 7th GC Meeting held at Maldives.
- Initiate a process for developing a South Asia regional position paper on sustainable development for the WSSD.
|CBD||Convention on Biological Diversity|
|CORDIO||Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean Programme|
|GCRMN||Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network|
|GIWA||Global International Water Assessment|
|GPA||Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the marine environment from land-based activities|
|GPRMPA||Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Australia|
|ICRAN||International Coral Reef Action Network|
|ICRI||International Coral Reef Initiative|
|IMO||International Maritime Organization|
|LoA||Letters of Agreement|
|MoU||Memorandum of Understanding|
|NORAD||Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation|
|SEI-Stockholm||Stockholm Environment Institute|
|SAARC||South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation|
|SACEP||South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme|
|UNEP- ROAP||UNEP’s Regional Office for Asia Pacific Region|
|UNEP-RRC.AP||UNEPs Regional Resource Centre for Asia Pacific|
|UNESCAP||United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific region|
|UNOPS||United Nations Office for Project Services|
|UNU||United Nations University|