1995 – 2004

Period : 1995 – 2004

Summary of SACEP Programme Activities


During the 10-year period SACEP implemented SACEP’s Strategy and Programmes 1 (1992 – 96) and 2 (1996-2000), South Asian Seas programme and SENRIC project in collaboration with UNEP, IMO, UNESCAP, UNOPS and NORAD.


The projects and programme activities carried out covered specific areas such as environmental law, environmental education and training, national and regional environment assessments, and protection of natural resources. Their outcomes are summarized under three broad sub-headings:


(1) Networking

(2) Awareness Creation and Capacity Building and

(3) Assessment and Reporting  


  1. Networking

New partnerships were established with the following International organizations and initiatives to address several priority environmental concerns in the region.

  • UNEP-GPA (1997) – Protection of Marine Environment from Land-based Activities
  • SEI-Sweden (1998) – Controlling Transboundary Air Pollution
  • GCRMN (1997), CORDIO (1999) and ICRAN (2002) – Management and Protection of Coral Reef and other Coastal Ecosystems.
  • GPRMPA (1998)- Development of Training a Manual on Marine Protected Areas
  • GIWA (2001) – Water quality assessment in the Bay of Bengal region
  • US Environment Hub for South Asia (2003) – Protection of Marine Resources and Transboundary Air Pollution
  • Colombo Plan (2003): Capacity Building (Private and Industrial Sectors)
  • UNOPS (2004): Tsunami Task Force of Operation in Sri Lanka
  • CBD and Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (2004) : Training on Clearing House Mechanism (CHM)

Some of the important Memorandum of Understanding’s (MoU’s) and Letters of Agreements (LoAs) signed by SACEP with different partner agencies are given in Table 1.

  Table 1: MoU and LoAs signed by SACEP with Different Organization: 1995-2004


Year/s Organization/s Objectives
1994 – 2004 Yearly basis UNEP-RRC.AP Implementing the environment assessment programme in the South Asian region (SENRIC programme activities)
1996 - 2002 NORAD Implementation of SSP.
1997, 1999, 2002, 2003 IMO Support in preparation of national and regional oil spill contingency plans and conducting workshops on IMO conventions (OPRC, MARPOL)
1997, 2000 UNESCAP Project on integrating environmental considerations into economic policy making process- South Asia sub-component
1999 UNEP-Regional Seas Support to South Asian Seas Programme: Updating and finalizing the SAS Regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan Development of 7 detailed project proposals for the program cycle 1999-2000
1999, 2001 UNEP-ROAP Preparation of South Asian Action Plan for environmental education and training
1999 CORDIO Programme Promote environmental management, conservation and sustainable use of corals and its resources in India, Sri Lanka, and Maldives
2001 UNEP-ROAP Develop, publish and disseminate Handbook on ‘Environmental Laws of South Asia’
2003 UNEP-Nairobi Facilitate implementation of the South Asian Seas Action Plan for the Protection and Management of the Coastal and Marine Environment of the region
2003 UNEP-Nairobi MoU on co-operation in the field of environment
2004 SAARC UNUNEP-GPA MoU on co-operation in the field of environment Registration of SACEP with United Nations Under Article 102 of the Charter as a Multilateral Organization Strategic Planning and Developing Market Based Instruments for the Medium to Long Term Strategic Planning of the Implementation of the Sri Lanka National Programme of Action (MBI/NPA)
  As shown in the above table, LoAs and MoUs were signed on a project basis, or for general cooperation between the collaborating institutions. As a method of increasing SACEPs’ visibility to attract new partners, the organization represented the region in around 25 different environmental and sustainable development forums.  
  1. Awareness Creation and Capacity Building

SACEP in collaboration with partner organizations carried out more than 30 workshops and trainings for awareness creation and capacity building in the region (Table 2). During 2003 alone over 80 officials from the region were trained on compliance and enforcement of IMO Conventions (OPRC and MARPOL 73/78).


During 1994-97, SENRIC project conducted several training programmes on information technology for Government departments of various disciplines to ensure effective use of GIS technology for decision-making. SENRIC signed Letters of Agreements with the Governments of Maldives and Sri Lanka to set up Environmental Information System Units with GIS capabilities and the project was completed in 1995. In 1995, the project established a training facility at the University of Peradeniya in Sri Lanka and trained lectures of the university to assist conducting the trainings.


Under the project on Strengthening National Capabilities on Environment Assessment and Monitoring towards the Preparation of the Global State of the Environment Report 2002, the SENRIC programme, strengthen the National Focal Points of the South Asian member countries by providing computer hardware and software.


Training, provision of equipment and setting up of monitoring stations were taken place under the implementation of the Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia.


With NORAD’s financial assistance, the secretariat developed a seven-module course with the objective of increasing knowledge and skills in integrated coastal and marine protected areas management and the first regional training course was held in Maldives in 1998.


SACEP has played a key role in introducing new concepts, such as Integrated Coastal Area and River Basin Management (ICARM) to the region.  


Table 2: Various Awareness Creation and Capacity Building Workshops / Training Programmes Organized by SACEP: 1995-2004


Year Workshops / Training No. of Participants
  • UNEP/SACEP Environmental Law Workshop, India
  • ICRI/SACEP South Asia Workshop on International Coral Reef Initiative
  • SACEP/NORAD Training Workshop for National Coordinators on the Assessment of Faunal Biodiversity, India
  • SACEP/UNEP/WHO Training Course in Air Pollution Management, India
  • SACEP/NORAD Assessment of Faunal Biodiversity- Final Workshop, Maldives
  • SACEP/NORAD Environmental Management Seminar, Sri Lanka
  • SACEP/UNEP/NORAD South Asian Regional Workshop on the Implementation of Environmental Conventions, Maldives
  • SACEP/UNEP/NORAD Regional Symposium on the Role of Law in the Area of Sustainable Development, Sri Lanka
  • UNEP/SACEP Workshop on the Implementation of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA), Sri Lanka
  • ESCAP/SACEP Sub-regional Expert Group Meeting for South Asia for Incorporating Environment Considerations into Economic Decision Making, Sri Lanka
SACEP/ NORAD Floral Biodiversity Workshop
  • UNEP/SACEP /Dutch Ministry of Environment Regional Workshop on the Asia-Pacific Network on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (ASPA-INECE), Thailand
  • SACEP/ NORAD National Workshop on Environmental Law, Nepal
  • UNEP/SACEP National Workshop on the UNFCC and the Institutional Design of the Cooperative Implementation Mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol, Sri Lanka
  • SACEP/UNEP Environmental Management Seminar in South Asia, Pakistan
  • SACEP/NORAD Regional Training Course for the Management of Protected Areas and Coral Island Ecosystems, Maldives
  • SACEP/ICIMOD/UNEP Regional Training for the Training of Trainers in the South Asia on Data Collection and Reporting, Nepal
  • SACEP/UNEP In-Country Training on Data Collection and Reporting
  • SACEP/UNEP/IMO Port Reception Facilities Workshop, Sri Lanka
  • SACEP/ESCAP Workshop for Integrating Environmental Considerations into the Economic Policy Making Process (Phase 11), Sri Lanka
  • SACEP/UNEP/NORAD South Asian Forum on Environmental Co-operation Between the Government and the Private Sector, India
  • UNEP/SACEP National Workshop on the UNFCC and the Institutional Design of the Cooperative Implementation Mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol, Sri Lanka
  • Strengthening Environment Assessment and Monitoring Capacities in Sri Lanka: State of Environment Data Collection and Reporting

  • Strengthening Capacity of Regional Centres of Excellence in the Management of the Coastal & Marine Environment

  • SACEP/GCRMN/CORDIO Sri Lanka Coral Reef Forum 1& 2
  • IMO/SACEP Level 2 OPRC Training Course for Supervisors and On-scene Commanders for the South Asian Region, Sri Lanka
22 (04 from each country)
  • SACEP/UNEP Integrated Coastal Area and River Basin Management Workshop for South Asian Seas Region, India
  • IMO/SACEP South Asia Regional MARPOL 73/78 Implementation and Enforcement Workshop, Sri Lanka
  • IMO/SACEP Level 3 OPRC Training Course for Supervisors and On-scene commanders for the South Asian Region, Sri Lanka
  • SACEP/UNEP/SEI In Country Training in Air Quality Monitoring and Installation of Monitoring Stations: Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives
  • National MARPOL/Ship Recycling Workshop for Bangladesh
  • National OPRC level 3 for Maldives, Pakistan and Bangladesh
  • SACEP/UNEP/GEF/Kalmar University of Sweden The GIWA Sub Region 53 - Bay of Bengal Assessment Programme, Final Workshop in Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • IWMI/SACEP/UNEP-GPA South Asia Regional Consultation Workshop to Prepare the 2003-2006 Regional Plan of Action for GPA
  • UNEP/SACEP Asia Pacific Workshop on the Implementation of Multi-lateral Environmental Agreements and the Review of the Training Manual
  • UNU/MoE, Japan - Brainstorming Workshop for the Development of a Regional Partnership on Integrated Capacity Development in South and West Asia on Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), Dambulla, Sri Lanka
  • Course for Web-Masters of the Clearing House Mechanism under the Convention on biological diversity of partner countries
  1. Assessment and Reporting

With financial assistance of NORAD, SACEP initiated the Assessment of Faunal and Floral biodiversity in the region. IMO assisted SACEP to prepare country reports and a regional report on oil spill contingency planning, while UNEP-GPA office assisted in developing the Status Report on Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities. In 2002 SACEP finalized South Asia Environment Education and Training Action Plan for the period 2003-2007.

SACEP assisted UNEP in preparing the following reports:

C. Publications