The South Asian region with a current population of 1.6 billion is experiencing rapid urban growth. Increasing population, urbanization, industrialization and changing consumption patterns are resulting in the generation of increasing amounts of solid waste and diversification of the type of the solid waste generated. The region is reported to generate worldbank.org/INTURBANDEVELOPMENT/.../Chap3.pdf approximately 70 million tons of solid waste per year, with per capita values ranging from 0.12 to 5.1 kg per person per day and an average of 0.45 kg/capita/day.
There are various factors that attribute to poor solid waste management, such as, lack of public awareness, unplanned city growth, high waste generation and non-functioning of existing systems. Rate of urbanization, scavenger role for recyclable separation and the capacities of existing municipalities for solid waste management are also important factors that should be considered. Increased solid waste generation creates more environmental problems in this region, as many cities are not able to manage it due to institutional, regulatory, financial, technical, and public participation shortcomings.
As decided at the Ninth Governing Council held in August 2005, Waste Management is identified as one of the priority areas in the SACEP work programme.
Activities of SACEP related to Waste Management in South Asia
- SACEP is the Sub-regional Secretariat for International Partnership for expanding waste management services of local authorities (IPLA),
- SACEP conducted a Scoping Exercise on E-Waste Management in South Asia “ in New Delhi, India in 2007 in collaboration with the Development Alternative (DA)
- SACEP Organized the 'South Asian Games Waste Management Programme' at the South Asian Games held in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2006.
- SACEP supported UNCRD in organizing the first National 3R Workshop for South Asia held in Dhaka, Bangladesh 2007
- Prepared the'Frame work for Marine Litter Management in South Asia'
- Since 2006 SACEP has been organizing many activities to commemorate International Coastal cleanup Day.
- 2015.09.19 International Coastal Cleanup 2015 Report Indian Coast Guard
- 2014.09.20 International Coastal Clean up Day India
- 2013.09.21-22 Report of the Intl Coastal Cleanup Day-India
- 2012.09.15 Report of the Intl Coastal Cleanup Day-India
- 2010.09.25-25 Anniversary of International Coastal Cleanup Day - Sri Lanka
- 2009.09 International Coastal Cleanup Day - India
- 2008.09 International Coastal Cleanup Day Chennai Press brief
- 2006.09 Leaflet Coastal Clean Up Day
- 2006.09.18 Coastal Cleanup Day India issue 13
- Introduced the Blue Flag Beach Conservation Programme to the South Asian Seas Region in collaboration with Foundation for Environment Education (FEE) and UNEP and organized National Workshops in Bangladesh, India, Maldives and Sri Lanka in February – in March 2010 with the assistance of the National Focal Points. These workshops provided a platform to further development of national programmes.
- In response to the mandate of the 9GC-SACEP on Waste Management, with the support of the member countries, CoP8 of the Basel Convention recommended to establish a Basel Convention Regional Centre for South Asia at SACEP Secretariat and 10GC-SACEP held in January 2007 endorsed same.